Recent reports show that abductions, attacks, clashes among other forms of crime and violence greatly increased during the lockdown period in Nigeria.
President Muhammadu Buhari had announced total cessation of movements on March 29, 2020, starting from midnight of the next day.
The cessation will affect movements to and from Lagos and Ogun states as well as the Federal Capital Territory, Abuja to check the spread of COVID-19.
Various state governments likewise started imposing restrictions on movement and banned travellers from entering from other states.
In April, all 36 state governments through the Nigerian Governors’ Forum “unanimously agreed to the implementation of an interstate lockdown in the country” to reduce the spread of the novel coronavirus.
Figures made available based on media reports by the Armed Conflict Location and Event Data Project (ACLED), a prominent real-time data and analysis source on political violence and protest, show that a significant increase in crime and insecurity occurred since the lockdown.
The ACLED database covers abductions and forced disappearances, airstrikes, armed clashes, arrests, attacks, explosions, looting and property destruction, mob violence, sexual violence, suicide bombing, violent demonstrations, and a host of other activities.
HumAngle viewed the data between January, 2019, and June 2020 and noticed a spike in violent crime beginning from May this year.
The total number of incidents in 2019, for instance, was 2,219, making the average 185 per month. Between January and March 2020, there were 268, 230, and 192 incidents respectively.
Unlike in 2019 when the incidents kept reducing till mid-year when they picked up a bit, there was a sharp increase from 192 incidents in March to 256 in April.
In May, the number rose even further to 312, and as of June 6, there had been 68 incidents.
A similar trend can be seen in specific criminal activities such as abductions, armed clashes, and those classified as attacks.
In April and May, a higher number of 17 and 20 cases of abduction were respectively recorded. In contrast, there were 11, eight, and six incidents between January and March.
Also in 2019, the average number of abduction per month was sixㅡagainst 18.5 during the period of lockdown.
By June 6, five cases of abduction had already been recorded for the month.
Armed clashes also shot up in the month of April.
In the first three months of the year, Nigeria had 51, 43, and 49 cases respectively recorded, but in April and May, the numbers increased to 70 and 77 respectively.
By June 6, some 21 incidents had occurred.
In the case of attacks, the country had 69, 56, and 61 incidents between January and March.
Another database, the Nigeria Security Tracker, also shows that there has been an increase in fatalities from politically motivated crime and violence across the country.
Between Monday, June 8, 2020, and Saturday, June 13, 2020, 261 people, including 184 civilians, lost their lives, a 31.7 per cent increase from the death toll of the previous week.
While delivering his Democracy Day address on Friday, June 12, President Buhari assured the country that his administration prioritised fighting insurgency, banditry, and other forms of crime.
Last Thursday, he rebuked the service chiefs and heads of security agencies for their poor handling of the security problems facing Nigeria.
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